Popular and Famous Vegetation in Traditional Medicine of Lorestan Province
AbstractBackground and Aim: About 2000 plant species grow in Lorestan province. Ethnobotany and folk healers have played major roles in the health of human beings since ancient times. The aim of this study was to identify and introduce the most widely used and common medicinal plants in traditional medicine of Lorestan province. Materials and Methods: In order to gather information about its medicinal properties and to learn about people's beliefs about the famous species of the region, several local people, including nomadic, rural residents of urban areas and healers of the province were interviewed. The local medicinal information was collected using semi-structured methods, interviews, and personal observations. The frequency of citation (FC) and relative citation frequency (RFC) indices were used to determine the significance of medicinal species. Plant specimens were collected from habitats of Lorestan province and then were identified and deposited in the herbarium. Results: Among the samples collected from different habitats of the province, 38 most widely used medicinal species belong to 20 plant families with the most extensive traditional use that were identified as the most famous medicinal plants in the region. According to the results of the present study, nomadic people (Kouch rou in Persian) had the most use of medicinal plants compared to other groups participating in the interviews. Conclusion: The high values of FC and RFC indices for each species indicate the indigenous medicinal knowledge about the medicinal properties and treatment of diseases with that certain species. Medicinal plants in Lorestan are mainly used to treat gastrointestinal disorders, kidney diseases and nerve sedatives. Recording and publishing the local names of medicinal plants in the encyclopedia of the country will play pivotal roles in recognizing these potentials and exploiting them.
Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before; that it is not under consideration for publication anywhere else; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – at the institute where the work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation. Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons license (CC-BY). However, the license permits any user to read, copy, redistribute and and make derivative the material in any medium or format for any purpose, even commercially.