Anti E. coli Activity of Herbal Medicines: a Review

  • Nahid Rezaei Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
  • Faranak Rezaei * Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
Keywords: E. coli, plant extracts, herbal plants, antibacterial activity


Escherichia coli is the gram negative bacilli of Entrobacteriaceae family that commonly found in intestinal infections and many infections outside the intestine, like urinary tract infections (UTI), cholecystitis, wound infections, meningitis, septicemia, pulmonary infections, and many more. Plants are rich sources of bioactive compounds, hence they can be effective in a wide variety of diseases. The pandemic spread of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria (i.e., extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBLPE), Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE)) threaten healthcare Worldwide. The present review is a report of the most effective medicinal plants against E. coli. In this research, the required online database searches were conducted using the key words such as bacteria, E. coli and medicinal plants. Databases of Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, and ScienceDirect were explored to find and explore related articles. Since the incidence of E. coli is high, the aim of this study is to identify and report anti E. coli medicinal plants in Iran. The obtained results showed that there were 51 medicinal herbs that could be considered as the main medicinal plants capable of affecting E. coli.


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