Dava al-Balgham: One of the Traditional Iranian Medicine Products

  • Fatemeh Tooiserkany School of Traditional Persian Medicine, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9585-3601
  • Jale Aliasl Traditional Medicine Clinical Trial Research Center, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran
  • Fatemeh Aliasl * School of Traditional Persian Medicine, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
Keywords: Persian Iranian medicine, Dava al-Balgham, Nigella sativa, Zataria multiflora, Pistacia lentiscus, and Trachyspermum ammi


Background and Aim: Nowadays, overweight and obesity are considered as major risk factors for common disorders such as metabolic syndrome, non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases, type 2 diabetes, and cardio cerebral vascular disease. Medical advice for preventing these diseases includes measures such as weight loss with diet and exercise, blood sugar and lipids control, the rise of fiber, and finally antioxidants and vitamin E consumption. Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) is a holistic medicine that introduces several remedies for the prevention and treatment of diseases through nutrition and lifestyle modifications, and administration of herbal medicines. This study examines new articles on the uses of Dava al-Balgham tablets, one of the traditional Iranian medicine products in ITM texts. Materials and Methods: Initially, the use of the combination drug, Dava al-Balgham, and its constituent herbs (Nigella sativa, Zataria multiflora, Pistacia lentiscus, and Trachyspermum ammi)  in ITM sources were searched, and then new articles in the new medicinal and pharmacology studies and databases such as PubMed, Google Scholar, and SID about this combined drug and its constituent herbs, were ccollected and reviewed. Results: Studies  that  have been carried out on this combined drug, have documented effects such as a reducing body mass index and abdominal circumference, reducing cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and reducing serum liver enzymes. Moreover, for herbs that make up this combination, effects such as antioxidant, hepatoprotective, lowering hepatic enzyme and lipid and glucose levels, improving digestive tract disorders such as bloating and dyspepsia have been reported. Conclusion: According to the studies conducted on the combination drug Dava al-Balgham and its constituent herbs, the effects of this drug could prevent and treat diseases such as overweight, increased blood lipids, non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases and digestive problems, including dyspepsia and bloating.


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Review Article